Keloids are the formation of a type of scar caused due to overgrowth of granulation tissue on the site of a healed skin injury. They are firm, rubbery lesions or shiny, fibrous nodules and vary in colour as per person’s complexion, from pink or red to dark brown. These scars can be without any sensation, other than the sense of touch, but they could also be accompanied with itchiness, irritation or needle-like pain and a change in texture. These scars occur on the skin where trauma, like pimples, insect bites, scratching, piercings, burns or any other skin injury, occurred. They can also develop post-surgery. The most common sites for these scars is the central chest, back and shoulders and earlobes, arms, pelvic region and above the collarbone.
Apart from home remedies, some of the medical treatments for these scars are cryotherapy, radiotherapy, pressure dressing, surgery, laser therapy and retinoids.
Causes of Keloids
These scars develop due to serious injury on the skin and this can be caused due to –
- Surgical Cuts
- Scars and blemishes due to acne or chickenpox
- Any body piercing
- Vaccine Shots
- Insect Bites
20 Home Remedies
1. Apple Cider Vinegar
Apple cider vinegar is an excellent exfoliant and astringent. It helps to reduce the redness and the size of the scar.
- Mix in equal parts of water and apple cider vinegar, enough to cover the entire area with keloid.
- Apply this on it and leave it on for 30 minutes and then rinse it off with water.
- Repeat this process 4-5 times in a week for the best results.
2. Lemon Juice
Lemon, which is known to be rich in vitamin C, works as a great antioxidant and helps to quickly heal the scar. After using this method for at least 2 weeks, one may notice changes in the flexibility, colour and texture of the skin.
- Squeeze out the juice of one lemon
- Using a cotton pad, dab it on the keloid on the skin.
- Let it rest for 30 minutes and then wash it off with warm water.
- This process should be repeated twice a day for the best results.
3. Baking Soda
Being an abrasive agent, baking soda helps to exfoliate and keep the skin clean. It soothes the skin and reduces the swelling.
- Mix a teaspoon of baking soda with 3 teaspoons of 3% hydrogen peroxide which forms a smooth paste.
- With a cotton ball, apply this paste onto those parts of the skin that have these scars and let it stand for 20 minutes.
- Rinse it off with water and repeat this process twice a day, every day, till the scar fades away.
Sandalwood contains skin regenerating properties and rose water acts as a skin toner really helps to get rid of these scars.
- Take 2 teaspoons of sandalwood powder and keep adding rose water to it, until a thick paste is formed.
- Before going to bed, apply this paste on the keloid affected areas on the skin and wash it off the next morning with warm water and repeat this process every night.
Garlic helps to prevent enlargement of the scar and also improves blood circulation in that location, thus speeding up the healing process of the keloid.
- Crush 2 garlic cloves and apply it on the scars on the body and leave it to rest for 15 minutes.
- Wash the area with warm water.
- Repeat this process every day and if possible, twice a day. Garlic helps to prevent enlargement of the scar and also improves blood circulation in that location, thus speeding up the healing process of the keloid.
6. Grapefruit Seed
Grapefruit seed extract is filled with antioxidants and Vitamin C which help to reduce these scars.
- Dilute 3 drops of grapefruit seed extract in one teaspoon of water.
- Dip a Q-tip (or earbud) and apply it on the keloid and leave it on for as long as possible.
- One can leave it on overnight or apply it before going out in the morning. Repeat this process twice a day.
Tualang honey is known to be the most effective in treating these scars. Honey prevents the accumulation of dead skin cells and enhances blood circulation which speeds up the healing process.
- Apply honey straight from the bottle onto the scars.
- Massage the areas affected with these scars for 30-40 minutes and then rinse it with water.
- Repeat this process twice every day for a few weeks to effectively reduce the keloid scars.
8. Aloe Vera
Having antiseptic and antibacterial properties, aloe vera gel helps in healing these scars in the initial stages.
- Cut open an aloe vera leaf and extract the gel from it.
- Clean the keloid affected area with mildly warm water and apply the aloe vera gel.
- Rinse it off after allowing it to rest for 30 minutes.
- One can also leave it on overnight and then rinse it off the next morning. Do this process twice a day.
9. Petroleum Jelly
Petroleum jelly traps moisture into the skin which helps to reduce these scars.
- Massage the affected area with petroleum jelly for about 30 minutes and then rinse it off with warm water.
- This process should be repeated 3-4 times during the day.
10. White Onion
Scientists tested the effectiveness of onions on these scars and hypertrophic scars, a few years back. This treatment was observed to have a positive effect on the appearance of scars. Onion juice uses multiple mechanisms to heal these scars in a short period.
- Chop up one white onion and place it in cheesecloth.
- Squeeze out the onion juice.
- Using a cotton ball, apply the onion juice on the keloid. This process does not require rinsing.
- Repeat this process 3-4 times in a day.
11. Coconut Oil
A combination of carrier oils works well in the fading away of keloid scars. The carrier oils contain moisturizing properties and also nourish the skin with essential fatty acids. The essential oils contain properties that fasten the healing process and also
- Blend in 1 tablespoon of virgin coconut oil with a few drops of tea tree oil into 2 drops of neem oil and gently massage this on the affected areas of the skin for 20 minutes.
- Repeat this process several times in a day for better results.
This remedy not only fades away the scar, but it also helps the skin become brighter and smoother.
- Blend half a cucumber with half a cup of water and apply this juice on the keloid.
- Let it rest for 15 minutes and then wash it off with cold water.
- Repeat this process daily until the scar fades away as much as possible.
Papaya is useful in reducing the size of the keloid and also helps fade away the marks caused due to them, hence increasing skin’s elasticity.
- Wash and peel one papaya and cut it into small pieces before putting it into a mortar to crush it.
- Apply this paste on the affected areas of the skin.
- Leave it on for 10 minutes and wash it off.
- Repeat this treatment 4 times in a day to achieve the best results.
14. Witch Hazel
Witch hazel has astringent properties that shrink these scars and prevent the scars to appear. This remedy works best for these scars that are caused due to nose piercings.
- Wash these scars on the skin with soap and warm water and apply witch hazel on it.
- Leave it on to dry completely.
- Repeat this process three times in a day until one achieves the desired results.
15. Fuller’s Earth
Fuller’s earth is useful in treating and fading of the scars.
- Mix one tablespoon of fuller’s earth with one tablespoon of rose water and one tablespoon of lemon juice, and make a paste.
- Apply this paste on the affected areas and massage it for a minute.
- Once dried, add another layer on the same areas.
- Let it rest for 15-20 minutes and then rinse it well and thoroughly.
- Repeat this process once every day until results are noticed.
The combination of gooseberries and honey is considered to be one of the best remedies for these scars.
- Grind a 1/8th cup of deseeded gooseberries with one tablespoon of honey.
- Apply this paste on the keloid and massage it gently for 5 minutes.
- Leave it on for an hour and rinse it off with cold water.
- This process should be repeated thrice a day to get the best results.
17. Salt Water
The salt solution helps clean these scars thoroughly.
- Dilute a 1/4th teaspoon of salt in 2 cups of warm water.
- Once combined, soak the keloid affected part of the body into this solution.
- If soaking is not possible, apply this solution on the skin, using a cotton ball.
- Leave it on for 10 minutes and rinse it with water. Repeat this process twice a day, every day, till the desired results have been achieved.
18. Olive Oil
Olive oil has Vitamin E and K in it which are responsible for properties that exfoliate the skin and eliminate scar tissue.
- Rub on one teaspoon of olive oil on the affected areas of the skin.
- Repeat this process four times in a day.
- One can also make a paste of olive oil and baking soda and apply on the keloid.
- This process should be repeated once every day.
The home remedy works best for these scars on the face.
- Mix one tablespoon of yoghurt with one tablespoon of oatmeal and a few drops of lemon juice to form a paste that should be applied on these scars.
- Leave it for 10 minutes and wash it off.
- Repeat this process 2-3 times a week for the best results.
Aspirin has anti-inflammatory and exfoliating properties that prove beneficial for eliminating these scars.
- Make a smooth and thick paste by crushing 4 aspirin tablets and mix with water.
- Apply this paste well on the scars after washing them with soap and warm water.
- Allow the paste to dry out.
- Wash this paste off and apply moisturizer.
- Use this method every alternate day.
- Look out for medical assistance if these scars form puss.
- Properly take care of skin injuries to prevent infection of scarring.
- Avoid scratching the keloid as that could worsen the condition.
- Avoid unnecessary trauma to the skin as that could aggravate the problem.
Myths and Facts
|These scars can vanish away with time, without any treatment.||This is not true. These scars will not go away unless one takes the necessary medical or dermatological efforts to remove them. Homeopathic or alternative medications do not work on these scars.|
|Only cosmetic procedures can treat scars||There are some skin treatment procedures that have the potential for these scars to reoccur, making them larger than before. Consult a skin specialist before deciding on any cosmetic procedure for these scars, they will provide one with the best advice on what treatment is suitable for a particular part of the skin, after weighing its pros and cons.|
Frequently Asked Questions
Q: What should be done if these scars do not reduce even after months of practising the above-mentioned remedies?
If these scars do not reduce even after months, a doctor should be consulted because the issue may not be as simple and will require an expert opinion on it.
Q: Are these scars contagious?
A keloid scar is not contagious as it is a result of a skin injury. It is benign and only affects the person on whose skin the keloid is formed.
Q: Is there is a difference between hypertrophic scars and these scars?
Yes, there is a difference between hypertrophic scars and these scars. Hypertrophic scars are raised scars that do not exceed the boundary of the wound whereas these scars are a type of scar that exceeds the boundary of the injury.
Q: Do these scars increase the risk for physical disorders?
No, these scars have no connection to physical disorders. These scars are just an overgrowth of tissues. The scar may grow around the normal skin but it has no contact to the limbs as these scars are an external concern and not internal.
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