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Beauty, Skin care Sun Safety Tips

Sun Safety Tips

By Priya Darshini   
  • Sunscreen can protect your skin from sun damage, but knowing what level of coverage to use, when to apply and how often to reapply will make it more effective. It’s recommended that you use SPF, or sun protection factor, of 30 at a minimum. Use a broad-spectrum (that protects against harmful UVA and UVB rays), water-resistant formula. Sunscreen should be applied to the entire body and the face. Don’t forget the tops of ears, back of neck, and lips.
  • It is recommended to avoid the sun during peak hours (10 a.m. to 2 p.m.), wearing protective clothing like a hat with a wide brim or headscarf to protect the scalp, and using sunscreen. Sunscreen should be applied every single day, whether it’s warm or cold, sunny or cloudy. Even on a cloudy day, up to 80 percent of the sun’s UV rays can harm the skin.

How to Apply Sunscreen
Apply 30 grams (about the amount in a shot glass) to the body 30 minutes prior to going outside. The golden rule is to apply every two hours. Don’t forget that UV rays reflect off of water, snow, and sand, making it easier for you to burn. Reapply more frequently if you are sweating or in the water. More is more when it comes to SPF. If you are swimming or doing some tiring activity which is making you sweat, then you will have to reapply your sunscreen more frequently, like every hour.

What Those Numbers Mean
It’s important to remember that just because you’re using a higher number of SPF doesn’t mean it’s doubling or tripling the effectiveness of a lower number. Using SPF 30 the correct way (applying generously and consistently throughout the day) is a much better option than applying SPF 60 one time.

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Well, you can always rely on a sunscreen lotion if you want to protect your skin from damage. If you prefer natural sunscreen lotion to commercial, chemical-infused sunscreen lotions then here are some recipes for you to try out this summer.

Shea butter sunscreen for extremely dry or dehydrated skin

This sunscreen lotion is specially formulated for normal to extremely dry skin. If you have combination to oily skin, then replace cocoa butter with mango butter and add a few drops of carrot seed oil instead of extra virgin coconut oil.

Ingredients required:

  • Shea butter: 2 tablespoons
  • Cocoa butter: a chunk equivalent to 2 tablespoons
  • Extra virgin coconut oil: 1 teaspoon
  • Beeswax: 3 tablespoons
  • Zinc oxide powder: 1 tablespoon
  • Wooden spoon: 1
  • Wide-mouthed mason jar: 1


  1. Microwave coconut oil, beeswax, shea butter and cocoa butter for 60 seconds.
  2. Add zinc oxide powder in the mixture.
  3. Mix it well until it forms a white creamy sunscreen lotion/
  4. Let it cool down.
  5. Pour everything in a wide-mouthed mason jar.
  6. Refrigerate it overnight.
  7. Cleanse your face, apply your toner and moisturizer and then slather on a thick layer of this natural sunscreen lotion on your face and all the exposed parts of your body.
  8. Top it up with a thin layer of sunscreen compact.


Apply this natural sunscreen every day even if you don’t step out of your home or it is cloudy outside to get the best results.

Natural Homemade Sunscreen

Now, you can prepare your own homemade natural sunscreen to protect your skin from the sun. There are a couple of recipes detailed here:

Ingredients needed:

  • Coconut oil: 1 oz
  • Shea butter: 0.8 oz
  • Jojoba oil: 0.1 oz
  • Vitamin E oil: 0.1 oz
  • Lavender essential oil: 15 drops
  • Eucalyptus essential oil: 10 drops
  • Peppermint essential oil: 5 drops
  • Zinc oxide powder: 0.4 oz
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  1. First of all, heat the coconut oil, shea butter, and jojoba oil together using a double boiler method.
  2. Once they have melted together and formed a blend, take it off the heat and let it cool down for a bit.
  3. After that, add in all the other ingredients to the previous mixture and combine all of them together thoroughly by stirring. Be careful around zinc oxide and wear a mask so that it does not get in you.
  4. Lastly, once you have obtained a smooth and consistent mixture, transfer it into a container and store in the refrigerator for future use.


Use this as a normal sunscreen by applying it onto your skin, this one will have an SPF of 20+. This recipe will not spoil for up to 6 months as long as you store it properly in the cool environment of the fridge.

Some Extra Tips and Tricks for Staying Safe from the Sun

Now, let us look a bunch more concise tips and tricks, which if you follow them, will make it easier and more efficient for you to stay safe from the harmful glare of the UV rays of the sun.

  • Always keep a pair of sunglasses handy and the ones which can block the UVA and UVB rays both. Those will help protect your eyes from the UV rays which can cause crippling disorders to eyes like cataract. They will also protect the skin around your eyes which is quite delicate and vulnerable to getting dark circles. So, keep a pair of sunglasses on you whenever you have to out and about.
  • Use your clothing to shield your skin from direct sunlight. Along with the hats mentioned previously, go for clothes with long sleeves, long pants, etc. You can use gloves to protect your arms and wide hats will protect most of the face area from direct sunlight.
  • Avoid tanning. Nowadays tanning has become quite dangerous to the skin so try to avoid doing it for extended periods of time. And this advice carries over for indoor tanning and tanning beds also as they also bombard the skin with harmful radiation which could certainly be a leading cause behind the development of cancerous cells in the skin. People say that some sun is essential for getting vitamin D but the sun isn’t the only source out there. You can get your dose of vitamin D through various other sources. Consult your doctor to figure out the best option for you.
  • Keep an eye on your skin and monitor any changes on it so you always have a head start in knowing about any issues and changes to it which might be coming about. Catching cancerous growths as early as possible can be life-saving.
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