Keloids are the unevenly raised scars above the skin. It may be caused due to the improper cellular signals that lead to inflammation. These keloids may be pink or red in color and tend to multiply fastly.

Keloids [1]can be mostly seen in any part of the body like back, chest, and shoulders. Sometimes it may develop on the face too. These keloids are very sensitive to touch and causes irritation to the affected site. These keloids spread slowly for several months and seem bigger than original scars. This article gives you a discussion about how to get rid of keloids.


How To Get Rid Of Keloids

1 What causes keloids
2 Symptoms of keloids
3 Keloids can be seen in different parts of the body
4 Effective home remedies for keloids
4.1 Baking soda
4.2 Aloe vera
4.3 Olive oil and Baking soda
4.4 Extra virgin olive oil
4.5 Onion
4.6 Tea tree oil
4.7 Honey
4.8 Lemon juice
4.9 Petroleum jelly
4.10 Garlic
4.11 Apple cider vinegar
4.12 Lavender essential oil
4.13 Sandalwood
4.14 Vitamin E
4.15 Aspirin
4.16 Tea tree oil and Aloe vera gel
4.17 Tea tree oil and Olive oil
4.18 Grapefruit Seed
4.19 Fuller’s Earth
4.20 Mustard oil
4.21 Jojoba oil
4.22 Emu oil
4.23 Turmeric
4.24 Castor oil
4.25 Green tea bag
5 Treatment for keloids
6 How to prevent keloids
7 Frequently asked questions

 WHAT CAUSES KELOIDS AND HOW TO GET RID OF KELOIDS

Generally, skin injuries may get developed into keloids. The causes are:

  • Surgery – Some major or minor surgeries lead to keloids. For example, women who had a c- section delivery will have a very big scar in their lower abdomen. After surgery, the skin cells spread rapidly to heal the scar. In unusual cases, these cells spread rapidly and form keloids. Even if it is a small surgery also, it may lead to keloids. If you get keloids for one time in your life, then you are easily susceptible to it.
  • Blisters – Blisters are the small bumps which are developed on the different parts of the body. These blisters are filled with pus, watery liquid, blood. Sometimes these blisters leave a scar behind them which leads to keloids due to the rapid multiplication of cells. These cells may grow beyond the original blisters and look embarrassed.
  • Acne –  Keloids may arise in the place of small acne. Actually, when the acne is formed, whatever may be the size, it will take some time for the skin cells to heal. During the healing process, the skin cells[2] will multiply rapidly to form a keloid and then it will take a long time to develop into a bigger size and it will be benign. This keloid will not move from one place to another place.
  • Body piercing – Piercings like body piercing, ear piercing, and nose piercing may lead to keloids. Immediately after the piercing is done, the skin produces extra tissue to substitute the old tissue. Sometimes, the tissue spreads rapidly beyond the original piercing area leading to keloid. Ear piercing is nothing but opening a part of the ear to wear the jewellery. Sometimes it may lead to allergic reactions with the material of the jewellery, it leads to skin infection and causes swelling and pus formation. Please take necessary preventive measures like go to a professional place, check whether the person performing the piercing is wearing gloves or not, check the equipment and see that it is sterilized or not.
  • Insect bite – Keloids grow even on minor injuries like pinprick like insect bites.
  • Skin burns – Keloids grow usually on the scar[3]. Any wounds that cause scars like skin burns and skin cuts may lead to keloids.
  • Vaccination – Keloids may also occur after a particular vaccination called BCG(Bacilli Calmette Guerin), Smallpox, Hepatitis B. Once if anyone gets keloids after one vaccination, then they are easily susceptible to repeated keloids for the routine vaccinations.
  • Chickenpox  – Keloids rarely occurs due to chicken pox also. Generally, chicken pox leaves lesions behind them. These lesions may occasionally develop to keloids.
  • Tattoos – Tattoos are also one of the reasons for the cause of keloids. Be careful while going through tattooing and take advice from your health care provider.

SYMPTOMS OF KELOIDS – How to get rid o keloids

Generally, people with dark skin are easily susceptible to keloids. Keloids can be equally seen in men and women. If you get keloids on your skin, you may notice any of the below symptoms:

  • Appearance – The keloid may be in red, pink, or purple color. It can be seen in different parts of the body. If it is on the ear, it may look round or oval. If it is on any other part of the body, it may be a flat and raised scar.
  • Growth – Keloids take a very long time to appear on the skin. Once it appears, it starts developing slowly. It may take years for the growth of keloids.
  • The texture of keloid – The texture of the keloid is different from the normal skin. It will be soft, tender, and slippery to touch.
  • Location – Most of the keloids are fixed in one place. Hence, it is called benign. These keloids are permanent and the only way to remove them is through treatment.
  • Pain – There might be some pain and itching on the keloid affected area. Pain and itching can be reduced with treatment and topical application of ointments.

These keloids can be treated by dermatologists, radiologists, surgeons, and general physicians.

KELOIDS CAN BE SEEN ON DIFFERENT PARTS OF THE BODY

Keloids can occur at any part of the body. These are the common parts where the keloids mostly occur and basic tips on how to get rid of keloids.

Keloids on breasts – Skin scars may be caused due to any kind of injury. It even occurs on the breast. Most of the females of the age group 20 – 60 years get keloids on the central part of the breasts. The symptoms of breast keloids include only pain and itching. No other symptoms like a breast lump, nipple discharge can be seen. It can be easily removed by the minor surgical procedure. Sometimes it may appear like breast cancer but no breast malignancy is seen yet in any case.

Keloids on chest – Keloids are also often seen on the anterior part of the chest due to several surgical procedures like open heart surgeries. It is a very difficult process to remove keloid from this region because this is a very sensitive region with soft tissues. The keloid diagnosis is made by the surgeon. However, the treatment can be decided according to the size of the keloids. Even corticosteroids may also be the solution to remove keloids from the chest region. There are four protocols readily available to treat the chest keloids.

protocol 1 Keloids diameter within the range of 1 to 3 cm. The treatment will be keloid resection and direct closure. Then double layer suture is done. Keloid resection is done under local anaesthesia. Finally, the wound is attached to strips and covered by sterile gauze. On the first day and seventh day, radiation therapy[4] is given. Sutures will be removed once after the wound is healed.

protocol 2  – Keloids diameter within the range of size more than 3 cm. The treatment will be keloid resection and the internal mammary artery flap. Keloid resection was done under local anaesthesia. Finally, the wound is attached to strips and covered by sterile gauze. On the first day and seventh day, radiation therapy was given. Sutures will be removed once after the wound is healed.

Protocol 3 – Keloids diameter within the range of size more than 10 cm. The treatment will be incision, Radiotherapy, skin graft, and final radiotherapy. Keloid resection followed by a skin graft. Radiotherapy is done before and after resection.

Protocol 4 – The treatment will be keloid core resection and radiotherapy. Keloids diameter within the range of size less than 1 cm. In this case, there are multiple keloids. According to the international standards of scar management, the keloid treatment will be keloid core resection and radiotherapy.

Keloids on the ear – Keloids are mostly seen on the ears lobes as shiny globular structure. Ear piercing is also one of the minor injuries which leads to the formation of keloids. These keloids first start as a small bump and then it develops quickly. The treatment for this kind of keloids may depend upon the depth of the keloid. If you observe any thick skin on the ear, it can be cured easily if it is treated immediately. The best treatment for ear keloids is to wear pressure earrings for at least 12 hours per day.

Keloids on the nose –  Nose piercings is the fashion trend in today’s world. It is done by piercing the needle into the cartilage of the nose. After several days of nose piercing, you may observe some small bumps on the nose. Slowly it might convert into the keloids. Nose keloids may occur due to the improper piercing of nose, piercing done in unhygienic conditions, if the jewelry material is something to which the person is allergic to. If you experience any pain or itching, immediately consult your dermatologist for suggestions. Quick observation and treatment may help you to get rid of keloids easily. If you undergo nose piercing, try to keep the particular area hygienic or else it may be easily susceptible to infection. Clean the area two times a day, avoid shaking the jewelry, don’t pour too much water on the nose, and finally apply antibiotic[5] ointment to prevent the infection till the wound heals.

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Keloids on the back of the neck – Usually these type of keloids occur mostly in men. It occurs due to the continuous shavings and cuttings from the barber which leads to skin irritation. Due to that irritation, the skin cells divide rapidly and forms keloids. To treat them you can go for either corticosteroid injections or silicone dressings.

Though these keloids do not cause any harm to health, it looks embarrassing. Here are the few natural remedies to treat keloids without any side effects. These natural remedies will be very effective if you start early as soon as you observe the keloids.

EFFECTIVE HOME REMEDIES – HOW TO GET RID OF KELOIDS

Effective home remedies to get rid of keloids

1- Baking soda: 

You will need :

  • Baking soda – 1 teaspoon
  • Hydrogen peroxide – 3 teaspoons

Procedure:

  1. Add 1 teaspoon of baking soda into a small bowl.
  2. To this, add 3 teaspoons of hydrogen peroxide.
  3. Mix it well.
  4. Before applying the mixture, clean the affected area with lukewarm water.
  5. Apply the mixture on the raised scar.
  6. Let it sit for about 30 minutes.
  7. Rinse it with after 15 minutes.
  8. Try this remedy three times a day.
  9. You can get rid of keloids within a month.

Baking soda gently exfoliates the skin as it is abrasive in nature. Together with hydrogen peroxide it reduces the inflammation[6] and boosts the production of new cells.

2 – Aloe vera :

You will need :

  • Aloe vera leaf

Procedure:

  1. Take a fresh aloe vera leaf and gently extract the gel.
  2. Before applying the mixture, clean the affected area with lukewarm water.
  3. Apply aloe vera gel on the keloid affected area.
  4. Let it stay for about 30 minutes.
  5. Rinse it with water.
  6. Repeat the process two times a day.

Aloe vera is a magical plant which contains several benefits. Its anti-inflammatory properties prevent the infection, reduce inflammation, and keep the skin hydrated. It soothes the skin.

3- Olive oil and Baking soda:

You will need :

  • Extra virgin olive oil – 1 teaspoon
  • Baking soda – 1 teaspoon

Procedure:

  1. Mix both the ingredients well.
  2. Before applying the mixture, clean the affected area with lukewarm water.
  3. Apply the oil to the affected area and massage it in a circular motion.
  4. This mixture acts as an exfoliating agent.
  5. Allow the mixture to stay for about 10 – 15 minutes.
  6. Rinse it with lukewarm water.
  7. Repeat the process once a day.

Olive oil contains antioxidants which protect the skin from further infections. It also has great moisturizing properties. It contains many nutrients which nourish the skin. Baking soda has natural bleaching properties which bleach the skin and keeps it fresh.

4 – Extra virgin olive oil:

You will need :

  • Extra virgin olive oil – 1 teaspoon

Procedure:

  1. Take 1 teaspoon of olive oil in your palm.
  2. Apply it on the scarred area.
  3. Massage it gently in a circular motion.
  4. Rinse it after 10 minutes.
  5. Do the process several times in one day to get rid of keloids.

"How

5 – Onion:

You will need :

  • Fresh onion – 1
  • Cotton cloth

Procedure:

  1. Cut the onion into pieces and blend it well.
  2. Extract the onion juice and discard the remaining onion.
  3. Before applying the mixture, clean the affected area with lukewarm water.
  4. Apply the onion juice on the raised scar.
  5. Cover the scar with a cotton cloth.
  6. Let it air dry naturally and no need to wash it.
  7. Try the process 2 times a week for better results.

Onion is a very beneficial ingredient which treats a number of skin issues.

6 – Tea tree oil 

You will need :

  • Tea tree oil – 1 teaspoon
  • Cotton ball

Procedure:

  1. Before applying the mixture, clean the affected area with lukewarm water.
  2. Dab the oil on the keloid affected area with a cotton ball.
  3. Apply directly on the raised scar and cover with tape.
  4. Allow it to stay for about 2 hours and remove the cotton ball.
  5. Wash the area with lukewarm water.
  6. Try the process once a day to get rid of keloids.

The antibacterial property of tea tree oil prevents the growth of bacteria on the scar. Tea tree oil also reduces inflammation and treats further infections.

 

7 – Honey:

You will need :

  • Raw honey – 1 tablespoon
  • Cotton ball

Procedure:

  1. Before applying the mixture, clean the affected area with lukewarm water.
  2. Dab the honey on the keloid affected area with a cotton ball.
  3. Massage it in the circular motion.
  4. Allow it to stay for about 10 minutes.
  5. Wash it with lukewarm water.
  6. Try this process 4 times a day to get rid of keloids.

Honey has antimicrobial properties which are used to treat wounds and scars. It also keeps skin moisturized. It prevents the build-up of extra cells under the skin.

8 – Lemon juice:

You will need :

  • Lemon  – 1
  • Apple cider vinegar – 2 tablespoons
  • Cotton ball

Procedure:

  1. Take 1 fresh lemon and extract the juice from it by squeezing.
  2. To this, add 2 tablespoons of apple cider vinegar.
  3. Dab the mixture on the keloid affected area with a cotton ball.
  4. Do the process several times in one day to get rid of keloids.

Apple cider vinegar and lemon juice contain vitamin c which is acidic in nature. Hence, it exfoliates the traces of the scar.

9- Petroleum jelly:

You will need :

  • Petroleum jelly

Procedure:

  1. First, clean the keloid area with lukewarm water.
  2. Then, apply the petroleum jelly directly on it.
  3. Massage it with your fingers in circular motion.
  4. Repeat this process thrice in a day to get rid of keloids completely.

Petroleum jelly retards water loss and keeps the skin in moisturized condition.

10 – Garlic:

You will need:

  • Garlic – 6 cloves

Procedure:

  1. Before applying the mixture, clean the affected area with lukewarm water to keep the scar fresh.
  2. Take 6 garlic cloves and blend it into a fine paste.
  3. Apply the paste on the affected area.
  4. Massage it gently in circular motion.
  5. Wash the keloid area with lukewarm water
  6. Try this remedy two times a day to get rid of keloids effectively.

Garlic contains antifungal and anti-inflammatory properties which inhibit the multiplication of cells in the scar.

11 – Apple cider vinegar:

You will need:

  • Apple cider vinegar – 2 teaspoons
  • Water – 1 teaspoon

Procedure:

  1. Take 2 teaspoons of apple cider vinegar.
  2. To this, add 1 teaspoon of water.
  3. Mix it well.
  4. Dip the cotton ball in the above mixture.
  5. Apply it on the affected area and let it stay for about 30 minutes.
  6. Try this remedy 4 times a day to get rid of keloids effectively.

Apple cider vinegar effectively treats dandruff[7] because of its antibacterial properties. It effectively removes the extra fat under the skin.

 

12 – Lavender essential oil:

You will need:

  • Lavender essential oil – 1 tablespoon

Procedure:

  1. Before applying the mixture, clean the affected area with lukewarm water.
  2. Gently dab on the affected area with lavender essential oil and massage it gently in a circular motion.
  3. Allow it to stay for about 10 minutes.
  4. The scar will become soft and get healed slowly.
  5. Wash it with lukewarm water.
  6. Try this process 4 times a day to get rid of keloids faster.

Lavender essential oil prevents the scars from worsening by repairing the skin cells. Lavender oil has antibacterial properties which kill the bacteria in the skin to prevent the infections. It also moisturizes the skin deeply.

13 – Sandalwood:

You will need:

  • Sandalwood powder – 1 tablespoon
  • Rosewater – Required quantity

Procedure:

  1. Take 1 tablespoon of sandalwood powder into a clean bowl.
  2. To this, add enough rosewater and mix it well to form a thick paste.
  3. Before applying the mixture, clean the affected area with lukewarm water to keep the scar fresh.
  4. Apply the paste on the scars and leave it for the whole night.
  5. Next morning, wash the scars with lukewarm water.
  6. Repeat the process daily for two months to get rid of scars completely.

Sandalwood has the property of repairing the skin cells which help to fade away the scars completely.

14 – Vitamin – E

You will need:

  • Vitamin  E capsule – 1

Procedure:

  1. Take 1 vitamin E capsule, open and pour its contents on the cleaned affected area.
  2. Massage it gently and allow it to stay for about 15 minutes.
  3. Rinse it with lukewarm water.

Vitamin E fades off the scars slowly and makes the skin soft and shiny.

15 – Aspirin:

You will need:

  • Aspirin tablet – 3

Procedure:

  1. Crush aspirin tablets and make a fine powder.
  2. Add some water and make it to a fine paste.
  3. Before applying the mixture, clean the affected area with lukewarm.
  4. Apply the paste on the affected area.
  5. Let it dry and then wash it with lukewarm water.
  6. Try this remedy daily to get rid of keloids faster.

Aspirin is an amazing ingredient which treats the scars effectively.

 

16 – Tea tree oil and Aloe vera gel :

You will need:

  • Tea tree oil – 5 drops
  • Aloe vera gel  – 1 teaspoon

Procedure:

  1. Mix both the ingredients thoroughly.
  2. Apply it on the keloid area and massage it gently for 10 minutes.
  3. Try this remedy every day until you get the desired results.

17 – Tea tree oil and Olive oil:

You will need:

  • Tea tree oil – 5 drops
  • Olive oil – 1 teaspoon

Procedure:

  1. Mix both the ingredients thoroughly.
  2. Apply it on the keloid area and massage it gently for 10 minutes.
  3. Try this remedy multiple times a day until you get the desired results.

18 – Grapefruit seed:

You will need:

  • Grapefruit seed extract – 3 drops
  • Water – 1 teaspoon

Procedure:

  1. Add 3 drops of grapefruit seed extract to 1 teaspoon of water.
  2. Mix it well.
  3. Apply it on the keloid area and massage it gently for 10 minutes.
  4. Try this remedy three times a day until you get the desired results.
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Grapefruit seed extract vitamins and antioxidants[8] which effectively treats the keloids.

 

19 – Fuller’s earth:

You will need:

  • Fuller’s earth – 1 tablespoon
  • Lemon juice – 1 teaspoon
  • Rosewater – 1 teaspoon

Procedure:

  1. Take 1 tablespoon of fuller’s earth in a small bowl.
  2. To this add 1 teaspoon of lemon juice and 1 teaspoon of rosewater.
  3. Mix it well.
  4. Apply it on the keloid affected area.
  5. Massage it gently and let it stay for about 15 minutes.
  6. Rinse it with lukewarm water.
  7. Do the process frequently till you get rid of keloids completely.

 

20 – Mustard oil:

You will need:

  • Mustard oil – 2 tablespoons

Procedure:

  1. Take 2 tablespoons of mustard oil on your finger.
  2. Apply it on the keloid affected area.
  3. Massage it gently and let it stay for about 10 minutes.
  4. Rinse it with lukewarm water.

Mustard oil contains antifungal properties. Hence, it treats the keloids well and reduces its size.

keloids
How to get rid of keloids

21 – Jojoba oil:

You will need:

  • Jojoba oil – 5-6 drops

Procedure:

  1. First, wash the scar with lukewarm water.
  2. Apply 5-6 drops of jojoba oil on the affected area.
  3. Massage it in a circular motion and let it stay for 10 minutes.
  4. Rinse it with lukewarm water.
  5. Do the process 3 times a day until you get rid of keloids.

Jojoba oil nourishes the skin effectively as it contains fatty acids[9]. It soothes the skin and reduces the irritation of scar. It also treats oily skin by unclogging the pores.

22 – Emu oil:

You will need:

  • Emu oil – 2 tablespoons
  • Cotton ball

Procedure:

  1. Before applying the mixture, clean the affected area with lukewarm water to keep the scar fresh.
  2. Take a cotton ball and dip it in the emu’s oil.
  3. Dab the emu’s oil on the affected area with a cotton ball and massage it in a circular motion.
  4. Rinse it with lukewarm water.
  5. Try this process once a day to get the desired results.

Emu’s oil is obtained from the fat of emu bird’s back. It has anti-inflammatory properties which protect the skin from bacteria. Emu’s oil also contains fatty acids which penetrate deep into the skin and moisturize it. It effectively treats the scars.

23 – Turmeric:

You will need :

  • Turmeric – 1 tablespoon

Procedure:

  1. Take 1 tablespoon of turmeric in a small bowl.
  2. Add some water and mix it well
  3. Apply it on the keloid affected area.
  4. Massage it gently and let it stay for about 10 minutes.
  5. Rinse it with lukewarm water.
  6. Do the process frequently till you get the desired results.

Turmeric[10] has antioxidants which treat the keloids effectively. It reduces pain and inflammation.


24 – Castor oil:

You will need:

  • Castor oil – 2 tablespoons
  • Cotton ball

Procedure:

  1. Take a cotton ball and dip it in the castor oil.
  2. Gently dab it on the keloid affected area and press it.
  3. Repeat this process two times every day

Castor oil enters deep into the skin and repairs the scar tissue. It eliminates the toxin cells from the skin.

25 – Green tea bag:

You will need:

  • Green tea bags – 1

Procedure:

  1. Place the green tea bag in the warm water.
  2. Gently dab it on the keloid affected area and press it.
  3. Repeat this process two times every day

Green tea is rich in antioxidants which protect the skin from infections.

 

TREATMENT  – HOW TO GET RID OF KELOIDS

We should be very careful while treating the keloids because there may be a 50 – 50 chance. The keloids may be removed completely or else it may grow back again, even bigger than the present keloid. Apart from the natural remedies, the keloids are also treated with the following treatments.

  • Corticosteroid injection
  • Laser treatment
  • Cryotherapy
  • Radiation
  • Surgical removal
  • Airtight dressing

The doctors choose the type of treatment depending upon the age of the patient, type of keloids, and other health considerations.

 

How to get rid of keloids with Corticosteroid injections

Corticosteroid injections[11] are painful but safe. It effectively treats inflammation when they are injected into the keloid affected area. It is given for four to eight weeks depending upon the character of the keloid. These steroids inhibit the growth of the skin cells in the keloid region. This treatment smoothens the scars and reduces the size of the keloids slowly. The number of steroid injections may depend upon the depth of the keloid. Consult your health care provider to know about how to get rid of keloids with the best treatments and its side effects.

  • Triamcinolone Acetonide: It is an intralesional corticosteroid which treats skin conditions like allergies, infections, and inflammations. Consult your doctor before taking the steroid injections and take the exact dosage after taking food. A very good outcome can be seen with this steroid like a decrease in the scar thickness, length, and width. This steroid even reduces the pain and itch to a great extent.
  • Kenalog 10 suspension: This medication is used to treat keloids and other skin conditions. This steroid can also be given intralesional or intraarticular. Please do not take this ingredient if you are allergic to it, pregnant, a heart patient, breastfeeding, already on medication etc.  Consult your doctor before taking the steroid injections and take the exact dosage after taking food. You also check how this medicine interacts with the other medicines and its side effects. The general side effects of this medicine include Acne, Constipation, Headache, Nausea, and Heartburn.
  • Aristospan suspension: This suspension contains 5 mg/ml of micronized of triamcinolone hexacetonide. This steroid exactly works on the affected area to remove the inflammation. Please do not take this ingredient if you are allergic to it, pregnant, breastfeeding, already on medication etc. Consult your doctor before taking the steroid injections and take the exact dosage after taking food.
  • Fluorouracil (5 – FU) – Fluorouracil effectively stops the multiplication of the cells in the scar tissue. This medicine can be used with other combination drugs or else it can be used alone. Both the methods are very effective to treat the keloids. It is also very effective in treating hypertrophic scars.
  • Doxorubicin – This medication inhibits the activity of collagen by inactivating the skin cells.
  • Bleomycin – Bleomycin injections treat the scars and reduce the size of the keloids. This medicine is dripped on the affected area with several punctures with a concentration of 1.5 IU/ml. The combination of bleomycin and triamcinolone acetonide is very productive in treating the keloids.
  • Verapamil – This verapamil blocks the calcium channels which blocks the synthesis of extra cells. In a scale of 1-10, an average of 6.4 people was satisfied with this medication. The size of the keloid has been reduced than the original one. Verapamil is equally effective like triamcinolone acetonide.
  • Retinoic acid – The topical application of retinoic acid for 3 months on the keloids shows very good results. It reduces 79% of the lesions.
  • Imiquimod –  These imidazoquinolines changes the expression of the markers for cell death. This imiquimod 5% cream was topically applied on the keloids of earlobes. The occurrence of keloids in the same place was 0%.
  • Tacrolimus – In keloids, it has been noted that the oncogenes are overexpressed in the fibroblasts. This Tacrolimus medication inhibits that oncogene thereby reducing the levels of apoptosis.
  • Tamoxifen – This medication is mainly used to treat breast cancer. It is used in the treatment of keloids which inhibits the multiplication of cells.

Side effects of steroid injections:

The side effects of the corticosteroid injections include:

Bleeding, bruising, infections, allergy, white color marks around scar region, dilated blood vessels in the site of infection.

Serious side effects of steroid injections:

Heart failure, Diabetes, Menstrual irregularities, Osteoporosis, Weak muscles, Depression, Glaucoma, Rare blindness.

How to get rid of keloids with Laser treatment

Laser treatment is the best way to remove scars. It makes the scar soft by slowly reducing the keloids. It also reduces the swelling and redness on the affected area. A pulsed dye laser is a most effectively used treatment to treat the keloid scars. It passes the laser beam which damages the central vascular system of the scar tissue. Hence, the blood clots in the affected tissue thereby reducing the pain and inflammation of the scar. The number of sittings for laser treatment may depend upon the size of the keloids.

"How

How to get rid of keloids with Cryotherapy

Cryotherapy[12] is a modern medical technique which has a special compound called liquid nitrogen that removes the scars effectively. The liquid nitrogen is given both externally and internally. In external cryotherapy, the liquid nitrogen will be applied on the keloid affected area. This liquid nitrogen freezes the keloid and inhibits its blood supply. Hence, the dead tissue will be dried and discarded. The external cryotherapy is very less effective when compared to the internal cryotherapy. In the internal cryotherapy, the liquid nitrogen is inserted into the center of the keloid which dries up the tissue.  You have to go for several sittings to get rid of keloids effectively. After treatment, the keloid affected area will be a little bit tender for some days.

How to get rid of keloids with Radiation therapy

Keloids can be specially treated with radiation therapy. The radiation is applied with a 6 – MeV electron beam. To make the radiation clear, 1.5 cm silicone bolus should be kept on the keloid affected area. Based on the scar, the radiation is placed at a particular distance. The surrounding tissue which is normal is covered with a lead so that it will not be affected with radiation. However, sometimes the radiation passes through and it may damage other body parts and the people surrounding it. The only drawback with keloids is that sometimes it may lead to a tumor called carcinogenesis.

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Surgical removal of Keloids

Keloids can be removed by the surgical method. Surgeons are using some latest techniques to treat these keloids. In surgery, the excess scar tissue will be removed and then the remaining skin tissues will be reconstructed. Hence, the scarring will be minimized. Once the surgery is done, surgeons also suggest revision surgery where they change the shape and size of the scar. After the surgery, they place the bandage on the particular area followed by some radiation and medication. They make the keloids less visible within 1 year. But, surgeries are a little bit dangerous because after surgery the keloids may grow again in the same place or elsewhere.

Airtight  silicone dressing

These airtight dressings are called occlusive dressings. It involves the blockage of air and water. It also contains a silicone sheet. These occlusive dressings should be worn for at least 12 hours per day. These occlusive dressings make the keloids soft and flat after a few days. The silicone dressing will effectively treat the keloids and reduce its symptoms like itching and pain. Here are the few silicone gel sheets used for keloids. Scar treat adhesive gel sheet for scars(6×6), Eucare Lysil Silicone(5×5), Torque Traders Scar Away Patch Silicone Gel Sheet Therapy Treatment(3.5×7), scar Awat Silicone Gel sheet (1.5×3).

 

Compression therapy

Compression therapy gives pressure on the keloid scars which makes them flat. Mechanoreceptors compress the cells thereby increasing the rigidity. This rigidity stops the growth and multiplication of scar cells. Different types of compression treatments are Button compression, Pressure earrings, Adhesive Bandages. This pressure treatment gives 75 – 100% accurate results. The keloids may extend beyond the scar again after some period of the compression therapy.

Current treatments

The latest treatments for the keloids and hypertrophic scars are:

  • Hydrogen Scaffold
  • TGF – beta, and isomers
  • Botulinum toxin A
  • Sirolimus etc

HOW TO PREVENT KELOIDS

The formation of keloids on the visible area will be embarrassing and spoils the entire beauty of that particular person. Hence, you try the maximum to get rid of keloids. Here are some precautions to avoid the formation of keloids:

Risk factors of keloids: Before treating the keloids, first get to know the risk factors of keloids. Mainly, the keloids can be seen on the chest, upper arms and back side.  These keloids always develop on the original wound. People with dark skin[13], teenagers, pregnant are very much prone to the keloids. Identify it early and treat it early.

Take advice from your health care provider: As soon as you observed the thick scar, talk to your health care provider and take necessary steps because the thick scars always lead to keloids. Also, discuss with him about your skin condition and previous skin damages.

Take hyaluronic acid: Experts observed that the area of the skin with less hyaluronic acid is easily subjected to keloids. Hence, include hyaluronic acid regularly in your diet. Consult your doctor before taking this and follow the necessary steps while taking it.

Stitch the wounds: If you have any long and deep wounds or scars, Consult your health care provider to immediately stitch it. Otherwise, it may lead to large scars finally ends up in keloids.

Wound care: Scars can be prevented by the following tips

  • Wash the wounded area with soap and water to keep it clean and without drying.
  • Cover the wound with some gauze to keep the wound moist and away from the sunlight.
  • Don’t scrub the scar
  • Once the wound heals, start using silicone gel sheets to reduce the size of the scars.

"How

FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS ON HOW TO GET RID OF KELOIDS

1 – What are keloids?

Keloids are the unevenly raised scars above the skin. If you had any cuts, wounds, acne etc, it leaves a scar behind. Slowly the scar becomes dark and the skin cells in that area multiply fastly and extend beyond the scar leading to keloids. These keloids can be seen in any part of the body.

2 – What is the difference between keloids and a hypertrophic scar?

Both keloids and hypertrophic scars[14] are different from each other. Keloids can be easily developed from the single and small acne spot, and extend beyond the scar. The keloids develop after several months of surgery and can be permanent forever. It is most commonly seen in earlobes, upper arms, and deltoids etc.  Whereas the hypertrophic scars are temporary and can be seen within the edges of the scars. It develops soon after the surgery. It is most commonly seen on the knees, shoulders, neck, and ankles.

3 – Can ear piercing causes keloids?

Keloids can be easily formed from minor skin injuries. It might be an ear piercing[15], nose piercing, and body piercing. During ear piercing the infection may be caused due to the material used to pierce, unhygienic equipment, etc. Keloids are mainly seen on the earlobes and do not cause any harm to health.

4 – Which is the effective treatment for keloids?

There are different types of treatments available for keloid scar. They are Corticosteroid injection, Laser treatment, Radiation therapy, silicone dressing, and cryotherapy etc. If you observe any symptom of keloids, consult your health care provider and take the necessary actions. The doctor will suggest the best treatment depending on the depth of your scar.

5 – How to get rid of chest keloids?

It is better not to go for surgery. It might be treated with corticosteroids by injecting them into the keloids. The number of times may depend upon the length and the thickness of the scar. Consult your nearest dermatologist for advice.

6 – What are the symptoms of keloids?

There are multiple symptoms to identify keloid scars. They are Small lumps above the scars, pink color shiny appearance, Itchy, Painful, and dark skin. If you see any of the above symptoms, consult your health care provider immediately to take necessary medication.

7 – In which body parts the keloids can be seen?

Keloids can be easily formed from minor skin injuries. They can be observed on the face, neck, chest, shoulders, abdomen, back, etc.

8 – Can keloids form in the internal tissue?

No, keloids generally extend beyond the scar externally and multiply outwards and grow beyond the scar.

9 – Whether keloids can go away without any treatment?

Keloids do not get cured on their own. There are different ways to treat keloids, they are laser treatment, radiation therapy, injecting corticosteroids & natural remedies. Please consult your doctor immediately for the suggestions.

10 – Can we remove keloids permanently?

The effective way to remove keloids is surgery. But, there may be a chance for the keloid to grow again in the same place or the other place. There is no permanent cure for it. You can flatten it and reduce the itching and pain with some treatments.

11 – Whether keloid scar is contagious?

Keloid scar is not contagious. It is formed due to some personal conditions like acne, body piercings, surgery, blisters, vaccination etc. It is benign which does not spread from one place to another. However, it grows beyond the original scar.

12 – Is keloid dangerous?

Keloid is not harmful to your health. It just occurs due to the proliferation of cells. The symptom occurs only in that particular area. But, it looks embarrassing if it is visible to others.

13 – What is the difference between keloid and cancer?

Keloid is benign which will not spread from one place to the other. It does not cause harm to your health. Whereas cancer is very dangerous to health. Cancer may be benign or malignant.

14 – What is cryotherapy? Is it painful?

Cryotherapy is a process of treating keloids with liquid nitrogen. Some caretakers may simply apply the liquid nitrogen on the scar with the cotton. Some may use modern techniques like the gunshot method to treat it. The pain depends upon the thickness of the keloid and the professional who is carrying the procedure.

15 – Can Mederma ointment treat keloids?

Mederma is used to treat keloids. But, it depends on the nature of the skin and the thickness of the scar. However, it is suggested by dermatologists after the treatment of keloids to make the scar invisible.

16 – Whether a tattoo leads to keloids?

If your already prone to keloids, there may be a chance to develop keloid on the tattoos. You should consult your dermatologist before getting a tattoo done.

Reference

Wikipedia page on Humans Skin

You might find this article interestingRemove Acne Scars, Dark Spots Fast By Simply Using Rice

 

 

This article has been medically reviewed by Dr.Nagakeerthana S, MD (Dermatology) on 10/2/2019



Ramya Vinoth Kumar

Started my career in content writing and now it has become my passion.
Dedicated and professional content writer -Health and wellness - Healthcare experience - Master of Science- Research skills

Latest posts by Ramya Vinoth Kumar (see all)

Ramya Vinoth Kumar
Started my career in content writing and now it has become my passion. Dedicated and professional content writer - Health and wellness - Healthcare experience - Master of Science - Research skills

33 Comments

  1. Hi. I am having Keloids on my nose from the past two months. I did not know what to do for treating those scars on my skin. Since it is on my nose, it literally affects my appearance and overall beauty of my facial skin. My friend shared me this article yesterday. Before reading the article, I had no knowledge on the Keloids. This article gave me a bundle of all the necessary things I was looking for in knowing about it. I was just thinking that it was something like the acne scars. But, I didn’t know that hundreds of reason would be buried inside this. I value and respect the time you have spent in sharing this article. I am really grateful to you for this. I will try any of the home remedies and post the results very soon.

  2. I have a daughter who is 18 years old. Before a few days, I found some scars like bumps on her neck. I thought it was something like pimple and would become normal after 2 to 3 days. But then she is still having those scar like bumps on her neck. After reading this article, I confirmed her with the symptoms that are listed over here. Most of the symptoms gets matched and I am very much worried now. Should I take her to doctor or follow any of the natural remedies given here? Please suggest me your opinion.

  3. Before reading this article, I didn’t know that there are injections to cure Keloids. You have listed many corticosteroid injections in this article. But I wanted to know whether taking up this injection will cause any effects on my normal health? Do these injections have any side effects? I am confused whether to take up the injections or not.

  4. I wanted to try the tea tree oil remedy that is specified over here. But I don’t want to use olive oil as I am allergic to the smell of olives. Can I use any other oil with the tea tree oil instead of olive oil? Will this cause any changes in the results that will be obtained? Also, mention what oils can be used with the tea tree oil for trying out this remedy. Thanks a lot in advance.

  5. In the olive oil remedy, you can also mix a few drops of coconut oil and almond oil along with the olive oil. Mix equal amounts of all the three oils and apply it directly on the Keloids. The mixture of three oils can be more effective in curing such Keloids on your skin. This will also not cause any of the side effects as they are completely natural. You don’t have to fear when you have Keloids. Try this remedy and it actually worked when I tried it on my skin.

  6. Will Keloids cause any wounds deep inside the skin layer? Or will it affect only the upper portion of your skin?

  7. A million dollar thanks to the writer who wrote this excellent content. The way you summed up all the information is really awesome. Looking for many more posts like this to come.

  8. I have never come across the way of silicone dressing to cure the Keloids on skin. After reading this article only I am getting to know about it. This really makes me more interesting to know more about it. You have listed a few type of silicone sheets used in this treatment. Can any sheets be used or will it differ based on the skin types? It will be very helpful if you could share some more information on those sheets. Thank you,

  9. The emu oil remedy specified in this article is totally new and different to me. I know that people consume the eggs obtained from emu bird. But I have never known that the oil obtained from the emu bird would contain medicinal values. Great job!

  10. Hi. I am a 22 year old woman and I have Keloid infection on my skin in the chest region. And the Keloid is about 10 cm in diameter. This literally makes me worry a lot as it is very big. Should I opt for the radiotherapy treatment or can I treat it using any of the home remedies? Somehow I have to get rid of these Keloids from my skin. I thought of taking up a surgery to remove the keloid. But then, I also have the fear that it might regrow on my skin after a couple of days or months. It disturbs me greatly both physically and mentally. i will be really grateful to you if you could help me in getting out from this Keloid problem.

  11. Hello everyone! I am a 25 year old woman. I got affected by chicken pox a couple of months back. Though the infection got cured, the scars were there on my skin. Those scars were much visible and also affected the appearance of my face and skin. I faced a lot of discomfort because of those scars on my face and neck. I thought the scars would gradually become less visible naturally. But then I was totally wrong. I realized it when those scars got turned into Keloids on my neck, back and in face. This is spoiling my mood and also affects my skin to a greater extent. After reading this article, I had a little hope on the natural remedies. Then I started applying garlic paste on the keloids regularly. Now i could notice visible changes in the Keloids. It is really helping me to get rid of those worrisome Keloids.

  12. Will the emu oil cause any bad odor while using it on the skin? I am very specific about the odors as I am very much sensitive to it. So, it would be better if you can explain a bit about it.

  13. What are the essential oils that could be used for curing the Keloids on skin apart from Lavender and tea tree essential oil? Also, mention how it should be used on keloids.

  14. For the turmeric powder remedy, should I grind the turmeric and then use it or can I use the turmeric powder that is available in the shops? Which will be more effective in curing the Keloids?

  15. Where can I get the emu oil? Is the oil available in the normal shops or the online markets? Also, please share some of the top brands of emu oil that can be used for treating the Keloids on skin.

  16. I am a 25 year old unmarried woman. I have Keloids near my ear and neck. I am very much worried and scared that it would affect my marriage. I tried applying some ointments and creams to treat those Keloids. But, those creams and ointments did not help me in any way to cure those Keloids. I finally got frustred with my life because of these Keloids on my skin. I wanted to take up the radiotherapy treatment. But, I wanted to know how much it would cost to take up this treatment. Please share me if you know so that i can know whether I will be able to afford the treatment o not. Also, I wanted to know where these treatments can be done. Are there any medical centers or hospital specifically for this?

  17. If I follow any of the natural remedies, can these Keloids be removed permanently from my skin? How long will it take for the Keloids to get removed from my skin using these remedies?

  18. I am a 30 year old woman and I have a Keloid in my chest region. This creates a lot of disturbance when I wear my dress and inner wear. It also causes a lot of pain when something comes in contact with the keloids like hand or clothes. Now there is only one Keloid in that region. I am very much worried whether it might spread to the other areas. Are the keloids a contagious one? If so, please tell me what I should do to prevent it from spreading to the other areas.

  19. Hi. I am a 27 year old woman and I have a daughter who is 3 years old. I have Keloid infection in my ears and neck. Will this Keloid infection affect my child also? Can these Keloid infection be caused due to the genetic factors? If yes, what can I do to prevent this infection from affecting my child? I don’t want her to face the same issue as I do.

  20. Can any deficiency in our body like vitamins, minerals and the other nutrients cause Keloids in our skin? If yes, please explain me by specifying the nutrients and vitamins that could prevent these skin infections.

  21. In this article, green tea bag remedy has been used for treating the Keloids. Can I use any other herbal tea bags instead of using green tea bag in this remedy? Will the results obtained from both the methods differ? If no, please suggest me some other herbal tea bags that can be very effective in curing the Keloid infections on my skin.

  22. I am having serious acne infections on my skin for the past one month in my face. Now these infections have started spreading to the other areas like neck and back. I am following some natural remedies to treat those acne infections on my skin. But then, I have the feat that these acne infections might get developed into the Keloids on my skin. This is constantly disturbing me and also it disturbs my sleep and mental health. Can you suggest some tips and remedies by which I can prevent these acne infections from getting changed into Keloids.

  23. After giving birth to my child, I have a big scar in my stomach region caused during the pregnancy. It’s been two months since I gave birth to my child. I did not face any pain once the wound has got cured and the scar formed. But now, I feel some pain in my scar in the stomach. I am very much scared whether it would be a symptom for the growth of Keloids in that region. How can I find whether there is any growth of such Keloids? Are there any tests to identify this? Are there any steps and tips to prevent the scars to get developed into the Keloids? If yes, please share me the information.

  24. I really salute you for the work you have done in offering such a detailed content on the Keloids. I absolutely love this article and will also refer my friends to take a look on this.

  25. I have never known that a small scar on your skin could cause a lot of trouble in the name of Keloids on your skin. This is really shocking me and I don’t understand why I was not aware of this deadly skin condition before. Anyways, a bundle of thanks to the writer and the team who took time to share this content with us. People like me are really grateful to you for making us know about this skin infection. Keep going and growing!!

  26. Hi. I am a 35 year old woman and I have Keloid on my back. Now the size of keloid is about 1 cm in diameter. But will this Keloid grow bigger as days goes on? Now I am not facing any sort of pain or irritations on that Keloid. Since it is small now I am very much worried if it would grow bigger. If yes, please tell me some methods that i could follow for preventing it to grow bigger. Also, explain me the steps with the proper brief explanations.

  27. The way that all the required information is wrapped up is extremely fabulous. The order in which the information is given explains the professionalism of the writer. A million dollar thanks to the fabulous work!

  28. Can I know approximately for how long should I use these natural remedies to get rid of the Keloid infections? How will I know whether the Keloid infection is getting cured or not. Will the keloids start to disappear slowly from my skin or will my skin rejuvenate in that region.

  29. Hey, I really got frustrated with many of the creams and lotions that I tried on the Keloids to cure them. I did not notice any improvements in my skin after using them. Then my friend suggested me the apple cider vinegar method after reading this article. I had no hope while tying this remedy on the keloids. But then after using it for a couple of weeks, I started noticing certain changes in my skin. I was literally very much happy and now I half of my Keloid infection has cured. By the way, other pretty fact is that I did not face any side effects. I would strongly recommend this remedy to the one who have Keloid infections.

  30. I have keloid infection in my face. I have started using aloe vera gel remedy after reading this article. The happiest part is that I started noticing visible results in the keloid. I am extreemely happy and satisfied with the results that I am obtaining now. But then I have a doubt, when the keloid gets cured completely will there be any scars on the area where keloids were there. Will that part of my skin look different from the other regions?

  31. In the prevention tips, you have specified about the usage of silicone sheets for reducing the scar size. But is that really possible? Have you ever tried it on any of your scars and has it really helped you to reduce the size? Also, share where we can get these silicone sheets. Are there any specifications that should be noted while buying them? Can we use it by ourselves at home or should we consult a doctor for this? If we can try it by ourselves, the please tell how to use them on scars.

  32. I have come across the laser treatments many a times in the recent days. But, I wanted to know whether these laser treatments could cure the Keloid infections completely. I also wanted to know about the post care tips that should be followed after taking up the laser treatment. Will this affect the natural health and color tone of my skin? Also, please share how much it would cost to do the laser treatment in India. I know that Keloids have the ability to grow again in any part of your skin even after getting cured. But can laser treatment prevent the Keloids from growing again in the same or a nearby region of your skin?

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