Keloids are the unevenly raised scars above the skin. It may be caused due to the improper cellular signals that lead to inflammation. These keloids may be pink or red in color and tend to multiply fastly.

Keloids [1]can be mostly seen in any part of the body like back, chest, and shoulders. Sometimes it may develop on the face too. These keloids are very sensitive to touch and causes irritation to the affected site. These keloids spread slowly for several months and seem bigger than original scars. This article gives you a discussion about how to get rid of keloids.


How To Get Rid Of Keloids

1 What causes keloids
2 Symptoms of keloids
3 Keloids can be seen in different parts of the body
4 Effective home remedies for keloids
4.1 Baking soda
4.2 Aloe vera
4.3 Olive oil and Baking soda
4.4 Extra virgin olive oil
4.5 Onion
4.6 Tea tree oil
4.7 Honey
4.8 Lemon juice
4.9 Petroleum jelly
4.10 Garlic
4.11 Apple cider vinegar
4.12 Lavender essential oil
4.13 Sandalwood
4.14 Vitamin E
4.15 Aspirin
4.16 Tea tree oil and Aloe vera gel
4.17 Tea tree oil and Olive oil
4.18 Grapefruit Seed
4.19 Fuller’s Earth
4.20 Mustard oil
4.21 Jojoba oil
4.22 Emu oil
4.23 Turmeric
4.24 Castor oil
4.25 Green tea bag
5 Treatment for keloids
6 How to prevent keloids
7 Frequently asked questions

 WHAT CAUSES KELOIDS AND HOW TO GET RID OF KELOIDS

Generally, skin injuries may get developed into keloids. The causes are:

  • Surgery – Some major or minor surgeries lead to keloids. For example, women who had a c- section delivery will have a very big scar in their lower abdomen. After surgery, the skin cells spread rapidly to heal the scar. In unusual cases, these cells spread rapidly and form keloids. Even if it is a small surgery also, it may lead to keloids. If you get keloids for one time in your life, then you are easily susceptible to it.
  • Blisters – Blisters are the small bumps which are developed on the different parts of the body. These blisters are filled with pus, watery liquid, blood. Sometimes these blisters leave a scar behind them which leads to keloids due to the rapid multiplication of cells. These cells may grow beyond the original blisters and look embarrassed.
  • Acne –  Keloids may arise in the place of small acne. Actually, when the acne is formed, whatever may be the size, it will take some time for the skin cells to heal. During the healing process, the skin cells[2] will multiply rapidly to form a keloid and then it will take a long time to develop into a bigger size and it will be benign. This keloid will not move from one place to another place.
  • Body piercing – Piercings like body piercing, ear piercing, and nose piercing may lead to keloids. Immediately after the piercing is done, the skin produces extra tissue to substitute the old tissue. Sometimes, the tissue spreads rapidly beyond the original piercing area leading to keloid. Ear piercing is nothing but opening a part of the ear to wear the jewellery. Sometimes it may lead to allergic reactions with the material of the jewellery, it leads to skin infection and causes swelling and pus formation. Please take necessary preventive measures like go to a professional place, check whether the person performing the piercing is wearing gloves or not, check the equipment and see that it is sterilized or not.
  • Insect bite – Keloids grow even on minor injuries like pinprick like insect bites.
  • Skin burns – Keloids grow usually on the scar[3]. Any wounds that cause scars like skin burns and skin cuts may lead to keloids.
  • Vaccination – Keloids may also occur after a particular vaccination called BCG(Bacilli Calmette Guerin), Smallpox, Hepatitis B. Once if anyone gets keloids after one vaccination, then they are easily susceptible to repeated keloids for the routine vaccinations.
  • Chickenpox  – Keloids rarely occurs due to chicken pox also. Generally, chicken pox leaves lesions behind them. These lesions may occasionally develop to keloids.
  • Tattoos – Tattoos are also one of the reasons for the cause of keloids. Be careful while going through tattooing and take advice from your health care provider.

SYMPTOMS OF KELOIDS – How to get rid o keloids

Generally, people with dark skin are easily susceptible to keloids. Keloids can be equally seen in men and women. If you get keloids on your skin, you may notice any of the below symptoms:

  • Appearance – The keloid may be in red, pink, or purple color. It can be seen in different parts of the body. If it is on the ear, it may look round or oval. If it is on any other part of the body, it may be a flat and raised scar.
  • Growth – Keloids take a very long time to appear on the skin. Once it appears, it starts developing slowly. It may take years for the growth of keloids.
  • The texture of keloid – The texture of the keloid is different from the normal skin. It will be soft, tender, and slippery to touch.
  • Location – Most of the keloids are fixed in one place. Hence, it is called benign. These keloids are permanent and the only way to remove them is through treatment.
  • Pain – There might be some pain and itching on the keloid affected area. Pain and itching can be reduced with treatment and topical application of ointments.

These keloids can be treated by dermatologists, radiologists, surgeons, and general physicians.

KELOIDS CAN BE SEEN ON DIFFERENT PARTS OF THE BODY

Keloids can occur at any part of the body. These are the common parts where the keloids mostly occur and basic tips on how to get rid of keloids.

Keloids on breasts – Skin scars may be caused due to any kind of injury. It even occurs on the breast. Most of the females of the age group 20 – 60 years get keloids on the central part of the breasts. The symptoms of breast keloids include only pain and itching. No other symptoms like a breast lump, nipple discharge can be seen. It can be easily removed by the minor surgical procedure. Sometimes it may appear like breast cancer but no breast malignancy is seen yet in any case.

Keloids on chest – Keloids are also often seen on the anterior part of the chest due to several surgical procedures like open heart surgeries. It is a very difficult process to remove keloid from this region because this is a very sensitive region with soft tissues. The keloid diagnosis is made by the surgeon. However, the treatment can be decided according to the size of the keloids. Even corticosteroids may also be the solution to remove keloids from the chest region. There are four protocols readily available to treat the chest keloids.

protocol 1 Keloids diameter within the range of 1 to 3 cm. The treatment will be keloid resection and direct closure. Then double layer suture is done. Keloid resection is done under local anaesthesia. Finally, the wound is attached to strips and covered by sterile gauze. On the first day and seventh day, radiation therapy[4] is given. Sutures will be removed once after the wound is healed.

protocol 2  – Keloids diameter within the range of size more than 3 cm. The treatment will be keloid resection and the internal mammary artery flap. Keloid resection was done under local anaesthesia. Finally, the wound is attached to strips and covered by sterile gauze. On the first day and seventh day, radiation therapy was given. Sutures will be removed once after the wound is healed.

Protocol 3 – Keloids diameter within the range of size more than 10 cm. The treatment will be incision, Radiotherapy, skin graft, and final radiotherapy. Keloid resection followed by a skin graft. Radiotherapy is done before and after resection.

Protocol 4 – The treatment will be keloid core resection and radiotherapy. Keloids diameter within the range of size less than 1 cm. In this case, there are multiple keloids. According to the international standards of scar management, the keloid treatment will be keloid core resection and radiotherapy.

Keloids on the ear – Keloids are mostly seen on the ears lobes as shiny globular structure. Ear piercing is also one of the minor injuries which leads to the formation of keloids. These keloids first start as a small bump and then it develops quickly. The treatment for this kind of keloids may depend upon the depth of the keloid. If you observe any thick skin on the ear, it can be cured easily if it is treated immediately. The best treatment for ear keloids is to wear pressure earrings for at least 12 hours per day.

Keloids on the nose –  Nose piercings is the fashion trend in today’s world. It is done by piercing the needle into the cartilage of the nose. After several days of nose piercing, you may observe some small bumps on the nose. Slowly it might convert into the keloids. Nose keloids may occur due to the improper piercing of nose, piercing done in unhygienic conditions, if the jewelry material is something to which the person is allergic to. If you experience any pain or itching, immediately consult your dermatologist for suggestions. Quick observation and treatment may help you to get rid of keloids easily. If you undergo nose piercing, try to keep the particular area hygienic or else it may be easily susceptible to infection. Clean the area two times a day, avoid shaking the jewelry, don’t pour too much water on the nose, and finally apply antibiotic[5] ointment to prevent the infection till the wound heals.

READ  Essential Oil Anti-Acne Roller Ball Recipe

Keloids on the back of the neck – Usually these type of keloids occur mostly in men. It occurs due to the continuous shavings and cuttings from the barber which leads to skin irritation. Due to that irritation, the skin cells divide rapidly and forms keloids. To treat them you can go for either corticosteroid injections or silicone dressings.

Though these keloids do not cause any harm to health, it looks embarrassing. Here are the few natural remedies to treat keloids without any side effects. These natural remedies will be very effective if you start early as soon as you observe the keloids.

EFFECTIVE HOME REMEDIES – HOW TO GET RID OF KELOIDS

Effective home remedies to get rid of keloids

1- Baking soda: 

You will need :

  • Baking soda – 1 teaspoon
  • Hydrogen peroxide – 3 teaspoons

Procedure:

  1. Add 1 teaspoon of baking soda into a small bowl.
  2. To this, add 3 teaspoons of hydrogen peroxide.
  3. Mix it well.
  4. Before applying the mixture, clean the affected area with lukewarm water.
  5. Apply the mixture on the raised scar.
  6. Let it sit for about 30 minutes.
  7. Rinse it with after 15 minutes.
  8. Try this remedy three times a day.
  9. You can get rid of keloids within a month.

Baking soda gently exfoliates the skin as it is abrasive in nature. Together with hydrogen peroxide it reduces the inflammation[6] and boosts the production of new cells.

2 – Aloe vera :

You will need :

  • Aloe vera leaf

Procedure:

  1. Take a fresh aloe vera leaf and gently extract the gel.
  2. Before applying the mixture, clean the affected area with lukewarm water.
  3. Apply aloe vera gel on the keloid affected area.
  4. Let it stay for about 30 minutes.
  5. Rinse it with water.
  6. Repeat the process two times a day.

Aloe vera is a magical plant which contains several benefits. Its anti-inflammatory properties prevent the infection, reduce inflammation, and keep the skin hydrated. It soothes the skin.

3- Olive oil and Baking soda:

You will need :

  • Extra virgin olive oil – 1 teaspoon
  • Baking soda – 1 teaspoon

Procedure:

  1. Mix both the ingredients well.
  2. Before applying the mixture, clean the affected area with lukewarm water.
  3. Apply the oil to the affected area and massage it in a circular motion.
  4. This mixture acts as an exfoliating agent.
  5. Allow the mixture to stay for about 10 – 15 minutes.
  6. Rinse it with lukewarm water.
  7. Repeat the process once a day.

Olive oil contains antioxidants which protect the skin from further infections. It also has great moisturizing properties. It contains many nutrients which nourish the skin. Baking soda has natural bleaching properties which bleach the skin and keeps it fresh.

4 – Extra virgin olive oil:

You will need :

  • Extra virgin olive oil – 1 teaspoon

Procedure:

  1. Take 1 teaspoon of olive oil in your palm.
  2. Apply it on the scarred area.
  3. Massage it gently in a circular motion.
  4. Rinse it after 10 minutes.
  5. Do the process several times in one day to get rid of keloids.

"How

5 – Onion:

You will need :

  • Fresh onion – 1
  • Cotton cloth

Procedure:

  1. Cut the onion into pieces and blend it well.
  2. Extract the onion juice and discard the remaining onion.
  3. Before applying the mixture, clean the affected area with lukewarm water.
  4. Apply the onion juice on the raised scar.
  5. Cover the scar with a cotton cloth.
  6. Let it air dry naturally and no need to wash it.
  7. Try the process 2 times a week for better results.

Onion is a very beneficial ingredient which treats a number of skin issues.

6 – Tea tree oil 

You will need :

  • Tea tree oil – 1 teaspoon
  • Cotton ball

Procedure:

  1. Before applying the mixture, clean the affected area with lukewarm water.
  2. Dab the oil on the keloid affected area with a cotton ball.
  3. Apply directly on the raised scar and cover with tape.
  4. Allow it to stay for about 2 hours and remove the cotton ball.
  5. Wash the area with lukewarm water.
  6. Try the process once a day to get rid of keloids.

The antibacterial property of tea tree oil prevents the growth of bacteria on the scar. Tea tree oil also reduces inflammation and treats further infections.

 

7 – Honey:

You will need :

  • Raw honey – 1 tablespoon
  • Cotton ball

Procedure:

  1. Before applying the mixture, clean the affected area with lukewarm water.
  2. Dab the honey on the keloid affected area with a cotton ball.
  3. Massage it in the circular motion.
  4. Allow it to stay for about 10 minutes.
  5. Wash it with lukewarm water.
  6. Try this process 4 times a day to get rid of keloids.

Honey has antimicrobial properties which are used to treat wounds and scars. It also keeps skin moisturized. It prevents the build-up of extra cells under the skin.

8 – Lemon juice:

You will need :

  • Lemon  – 1
  • Apple cider vinegar – 2 tablespoons
  • Cotton ball

Procedure:

  1. Take 1 fresh lemon and extract the juice from it by squeezing.
  2. To this, add 2 tablespoons of apple cider vinegar.
  3. Dab the mixture on the keloid affected area with a cotton ball.
  4. Do the process several times in one day to get rid of keloids.

Apple cider vinegar and lemon juice contain vitamin c which is acidic in nature. Hence, it exfoliates the traces of the scar.

9- Petroleum jelly:

You will need :

  • Petroleum jelly

Procedure:

  1. First, clean the keloid area with lukewarm water.
  2. Then, apply the petroleum jelly directly on it.
  3. Massage it with your fingers in circular motion.
  4. Repeat this process thrice in a day to get rid of keloids completely.

Petroleum jelly retards water loss and keeps the skin in moisturized condition.

10 – Garlic:

You will need:

  • Garlic – 6 cloves

Procedure:

  1. Before applying the mixture, clean the affected area with lukewarm water to keep the scar fresh.
  2. Take 6 garlic cloves and blend it into a fine paste.
  3. Apply the paste on the affected area.
  4. Massage it gently in circular motion.
  5. Wash the keloid area with lukewarm water
  6. Try this remedy two times a day to get rid of keloids effectively.

Garlic contains antifungal and anti-inflammatory properties which inhibit the multiplication of cells in the scar.

11 – Apple cider vinegar:

You will need:

  • Apple cider vinegar – 2 teaspoons
  • Water – 1 teaspoon

Procedure:

  1. Take 2 teaspoons of apple cider vinegar.
  2. To this, add 1 teaspoon of water.
  3. Mix it well.
  4. Dip the cotton ball in the above mixture.
  5. Apply it on the affected area and let it stay for about 30 minutes.
  6. Try this remedy 4 times a day to get rid of keloids effectively.

Apple cider vinegar effectively treats dandruff[7] because of its antibacterial properties. It effectively removes the extra fat under the skin.

 

12 – Lavender essential oil:

You will need:

  • Lavender essential oil – 1 tablespoon

Procedure:

  1. Before applying the mixture, clean the affected area with lukewarm water.
  2. Gently dab on the affected area with lavender essential oil and massage it gently in a circular motion.
  3. Allow it to stay for about 10 minutes.
  4. The scar will become soft and get healed slowly.
  5. Wash it with lukewarm water.
  6. Try this process 4 times a day to get rid of keloids faster.

Lavender essential oil prevents the scars from worsening by repairing the skin cells. Lavender oil has antibacterial properties which kill the bacteria in the skin to prevent the infections. It also moisturizes the skin deeply.

13 – Sandalwood:

You will need:

  • Sandalwood powder – 1 tablespoon
  • Rosewater – Required quantity

Procedure:

  1. Take 1 tablespoon of sandalwood powder into a clean bowl.
  2. To this, add enough rosewater and mix it well to form a thick paste.
  3. Before applying the mixture, clean the affected area with lukewarm water to keep the scar fresh.
  4. Apply the paste on the scars and leave it for the whole night.
  5. Next morning, wash the scars with lukewarm water.
  6. Repeat the process daily for two months to get rid of scars completely.

Sandalwood has the property of repairing the skin cells which help to fade away the scars completely.

14 – Vitamin – E

You will need:

  • Vitamin  E capsule – 1

Procedure:

  1. Take 1 vitamin E capsule, open and pour its contents on the cleaned affected area.
  2. Massage it gently and allow it to stay for about 15 minutes.
  3. Rinse it with lukewarm water.

Vitamin E fades off the scars slowly and makes the skin soft and shiny.

15 – Aspirin:

You will need:

  • Aspirin tablet – 3

Procedure:

  1. Crush aspirin tablets and make a fine powder.
  2. Add some water and make it to a fine paste.
  3. Before applying the mixture, clean the affected area with lukewarm.
  4. Apply the paste on the affected area.
  5. Let it dry and then wash it with lukewarm water.
  6. Try this remedy daily to get rid of keloids faster.

Aspirin is an amazing ingredient which treats the scars effectively.

 

16 – Tea tree oil and Aloe vera gel :

You will need:

  • Tea tree oil – 5 drops
  • Aloe vera gel  – 1 teaspoon

Procedure:

  1. Mix both the ingredients thoroughly.
  2. Apply it on the keloid area and massage it gently for 10 minutes.
  3. Try this remedy every day until you get the desired results.

17 – Tea tree oil and Olive oil:

You will need:

  • Tea tree oil – 5 drops
  • Olive oil – 1 teaspoon

Procedure:

  1. Mix both the ingredients thoroughly.
  2. Apply it on the keloid area and massage it gently for 10 minutes.
  3. Try this remedy multiple times a day until you get the desired results.

18 – Grapefruit seed:

You will need:

  • Grapefruit seed extract – 3 drops
  • Water – 1 teaspoon

Procedure:

  1. Add 3 drops of grapefruit seed extract to 1 teaspoon of water.
  2. Mix it well.
  3. Apply it on the keloid area and massage it gently for 10 minutes.
  4. Try this remedy three times a day until you get the desired results.
READ  3 Face Packs - Remove Pigmentation, Acne Spots, Wrinkle, Suntan

Grapefruit seed extract vitamins and antioxidants[8] which effectively treats the keloids.

 

19 – Fuller’s earth:

You will need:

  • Fuller’s earth – 1 tablespoon
  • Lemon juice – 1 teaspoon
  • Rosewater – 1 teaspoon

Procedure:

  1. Take 1 tablespoon of fuller’s earth in a small bowl.
  2. To this add 1 teaspoon of lemon juice and 1 teaspoon of rosewater.
  3. Mix it well.
  4. Apply it on the keloid affected area.
  5. Massage it gently and let it stay for about 15 minutes.
  6. Rinse it with lukewarm water.
  7. Do the process frequently till you get rid of keloids completely.

 

20 – Mustard oil:

You will need:

  • Mustard oil – 2 tablespoons

Procedure:

  1. Take 2 tablespoons of mustard oil on your finger.
  2. Apply it on the keloid affected area.
  3. Massage it gently and let it stay for about 10 minutes.
  4. Rinse it with lukewarm water.

Mustard oil contains antifungal properties. Hence, it treats the keloids well and reduces its size.

keloids
How to get rid of keloids

21 – Jojoba oil:

You will need:

  • Jojoba oil – 5-6 drops

Procedure:

  1. First, wash the scar with lukewarm water.
  2. Apply 5-6 drops of jojoba oil on the affected area.
  3. Massage it in a circular motion and let it stay for 10 minutes.
  4. Rinse it with lukewarm water.
  5. Do the process 3 times a day until you get rid of keloids.

Jojoba oil nourishes the skin effectively as it contains fatty acids[9]. It soothes the skin and reduces the irritation of scar. It also treats oily skin by unclogging the pores.

22 – Emu oil:

You will need:

  • Emu oil – 2 tablespoons
  • Cotton ball

Procedure:

  1. Before applying the mixture, clean the affected area with lukewarm water to keep the scar fresh.
  2. Take a cotton ball and dip it in the emu’s oil.
  3. Dab the emu’s oil on the affected area with a cotton ball and massage it in a circular motion.
  4. Rinse it with lukewarm water.
  5. Try this process once a day to get the desired results.

Emu’s oil is obtained from the fat of emu bird’s back. It has anti-inflammatory properties which protect the skin from bacteria. Emu’s oil also contains fatty acids which penetrate deep into the skin and moisturize it. It effectively treats the scars.

23 – Turmeric:

You will need :

  • Turmeric – 1 tablespoon

Procedure:

  1. Take 1 tablespoon of turmeric in a small bowl.
  2. Add some water and mix it well
  3. Apply it on the keloid affected area.
  4. Massage it gently and let it stay for about 10 minutes.
  5. Rinse it with lukewarm water.
  6. Do the process frequently till you get the desired results.

Turmeric[10] has antioxidants which treat the keloids effectively. It reduces pain and inflammation.


24 – Castor oil:

You will need:

  • Castor oil – 2 tablespoons
  • Cotton ball

Procedure:

  1. Take a cotton ball and dip it in the castor oil.
  2. Gently dab it on the keloid affected area and press it.
  3. Repeat this process two times every day

Castor oil enters deep into the skin and repairs the scar tissue. It eliminates the toxin cells from the skin.

25 – Green tea bag:

You will need:

  • Green tea bags – 1

Procedure:

  1. Place the green tea bag in the warm water.
  2. Gently dab it on the keloid affected area and press it.
  3. Repeat this process two times every day

Green tea is rich in antioxidants which protect the skin from infections.

 

TREATMENT  – HOW TO GET RID OF KELOIDS

We should be very careful while treating the keloids because there may be a 50 – 50 chance. The keloids may be removed completely or else it may grow back again, even bigger than the present keloid. Apart from the natural remedies, the keloids are also treated with the following treatments.

  • Corticosteroid injection
  • Laser treatment
  • Cryotherapy
  • Radiation
  • Surgical removal
  • Airtight dressing

The doctors choose the type of treatment depending upon the age of the patient, type of keloids, and other health considerations.

 

How to get rid of keloids with Corticosteroid injections

Corticosteroid injections[11] are painful but safe. It effectively treats inflammation when they are injected into the keloid affected area. It is given for four to eight weeks depending upon the character of the keloid. These steroids inhibit the growth of the skin cells in the keloid region. This treatment smoothens the scars and reduces the size of the keloids slowly. The number of steroid injections may depend upon the depth of the keloid. Consult your health care provider to know about how to get rid of keloids with the best treatments and its side effects.

  • Triamcinolone Acetonide: It is an intralesional corticosteroid which treats skin conditions like allergies, infections, and inflammations. Consult your doctor before taking the steroid injections and take the exact dosage after taking food. A very good outcome can be seen with this steroid like a decrease in the scar thickness, length, and width. This steroid even reduces the pain and itch to a great extent.
  • Kenalog 10 suspension: This medication is used to treat keloids and other skin conditions. This steroid can also be given intralesional or intraarticular. Please do not take this ingredient if you are allergic to it, pregnant, a heart patient, breastfeeding, already on medication etc.  Consult your doctor before taking the steroid injections and take the exact dosage after taking food. You also check how this medicine interacts with the other medicines and its side effects. The general side effects of this medicine include Acne, Constipation, Headache, Nausea, and Heartburn.
  • Aristospan suspension: This suspension contains 5 mg/ml of micronized of triamcinolone hexacetonide. This steroid exactly works on the affected area to remove the inflammation. Please do not take this ingredient if you are allergic to it, pregnant, breastfeeding, already on medication etc. Consult your doctor before taking the steroid injections and take the exact dosage after taking food.
  • Fluorouracil (5 – FU) – Fluorouracil effectively stops the multiplication of the cells in the scar tissue. This medicine can be used with other combination drugs or else it can be used alone. Both the methods are very effective to treat the keloids. It is also very effective in treating hypertrophic scars.
  • Doxorubicin – This medication inhibits the activity of collagen by inactivating the skin cells.
  • Bleomycin – Bleomycin injections treat the scars and reduce the size of the keloids. This medicine is dripped on the affected area with several punctures with a concentration of 1.5 IU/ml. The combination of bleomycin and triamcinolone acetonide is very productive in treating the keloids.
  • Verapamil – This verapamil blocks the calcium channels which blocks the synthesis of extra cells. In a scale of 1-10, an average of 6.4 people was satisfied with this medication. The size of the keloid has been reduced than the original one. Verapamil is equally effective like triamcinolone acetonide.
  • Retinoic acid – The topical application of retinoic acid for 3 months on the keloids shows very good results. It reduces 79% of the lesions.
  • Imiquimod –  These imidazoquinolines changes the expression of the markers for cell death. This imiquimod 5% cream was topically applied on the keloids of earlobes. The occurrence of keloids in the same place was 0%.
  • Tacrolimus – In keloids, it has been noted that the oncogenes are overexpressed in the fibroblasts. This Tacrolimus medication inhibits that oncogene thereby reducing the levels of apoptosis.
  • Tamoxifen – This medication is mainly used to treat breast cancer. It is used in the treatment of keloids which inhibits the multiplication of cells.

Side effects of steroid injections:

The side effects of the corticosteroid injections include:

Bleeding, bruising, infections, allergy, white color marks around scar region, dilated blood vessels in the site of infection.

Serious side effects of steroid injections:

Heart failure, Diabetes, Menstrual irregularities, Osteoporosis, Weak muscles, Depression, Glaucoma, Rare blindness.

How to get rid of keloids with Laser treatment

Laser treatment is the best way to remove scars. It makes the scar soft by slowly reducing the keloids. It also reduces the swelling and redness on the affected area. A pulsed dye laser is a most effectively used treatment to treat the keloid scars. It passes the laser beam which damages the central vascular system of the scar tissue. Hence, the blood clots in the affected tissue thereby reducing the pain and inflammation of the scar. The number of sittings for laser treatment may depend upon the size of the keloids.

"How

How to get rid of keloids with Cryotherapy

Cryotherapy[12] is a modern medical technique which has a special compound called liquid nitrogen that removes the scars effectively. The liquid nitrogen is given both externally and internally. In external cryotherapy, the liquid nitrogen will be applied on the keloid affected area. This liquid nitrogen freezes the keloid and inhibits its blood supply. Hence, the dead tissue will be dried and discarded. The external cryotherapy is very less effective when compared to the internal cryotherapy. In the internal cryotherapy, the liquid nitrogen is inserted into the center of the keloid which dries up the tissue.  You have to go for several sittings to get rid of keloids effectively. After treatment, the keloid affected area will be a little bit tender for some days.

How to get rid of keloids with Radiation therapy

Keloids can be specially treated with radiation therapy. The radiation is applied with a 6 – MeV electron beam. To make the radiation clear, 1.5 cm silicone bolus should be kept on the keloid affected area. Based on the scar, the radiation is placed at a particular distance. The surrounding tissue which is normal is covered with a lead so that it will not be affected with radiation. However, sometimes the radiation passes through and it may damage other body parts and the people surrounding it. The only drawback with keloids is that sometimes it may lead to a tumor called carcinogenesis.

READ  5 Natural Skin Care Remedies for Hyperpigmentation

Surgical removal of Keloids

Keloids can be removed by the surgical method. Surgeons are using some latest techniques to treat these keloids. In surgery, the excess scar tissue will be removed and then the remaining skin tissues will be reconstructed. Hence, the scarring will be minimized. Once the surgery is done, surgeons also suggest revision surgery where they change the shape and size of the scar. After the surgery, they place the bandage on the particular area followed by some radiation and medication. They make the keloids less visible within 1 year. But, surgeries are a little bit dangerous because after surgery the keloids may grow again in the same place or elsewhere.

Airtight  silicone dressing

These airtight dressings are called occlusive dressings. It involves the blockage of air and water. It also contains a silicone sheet. These occlusive dressings should be worn for at least 12 hours per day. These occlusive dressings make the keloids soft and flat after a few days. The silicone dressing will effectively treat the keloids and reduce its symptoms like itching and pain. Here are the few silicone gel sheets used for keloids. Scar treat adhesive gel sheet for scars(6×6), Eucare Lysil Silicone(5×5), Torque Traders Scar Away Patch Silicone Gel Sheet Therapy Treatment(3.5×7), scar Awat Silicone Gel sheet (1.5×3).

 

Compression therapy

Compression therapy gives pressure on the keloid scars which makes them flat. Mechanoreceptors compress the cells thereby increasing the rigidity. This rigidity stops the growth and multiplication of scar cells. Different types of compression treatments are Button compression, Pressure earrings, Adhesive Bandages. This pressure treatment gives 75 – 100% accurate results. The keloids may extend beyond the scar again after some period of the compression therapy.

Current treatments

The latest treatments for the keloids and hypertrophic scars are:

  • Hydrogen Scaffold
  • TGF – beta, and isomers
  • Botulinum toxin A
  • Sirolimus etc

HOW TO PREVENT KELOIDS

The formation of keloids on the visible area will be embarrassing and spoils the entire beauty of that particular person. Hence, you try the maximum to get rid of keloids. Here are some precautions to avoid the formation of keloids:

Risk factors of keloids: Before treating the keloids, first get to know the risk factors of keloids. Mainly, the keloids can be seen on the chest, upper arms and back side.  These keloids always develop on the original wound. People with dark skin[13], teenagers, pregnant are very much prone to the keloids. Identify it early and treat it early.

Take advice from your health care provider: As soon as you observed the thick scar, talk to your health care provider and take necessary steps because the thick scars always lead to keloids. Also, discuss with him about your skin condition and previous skin damages.

Take hyaluronic acid: Experts observed that the area of the skin with less hyaluronic acid is easily subjected to keloids. Hence, include hyaluronic acid regularly in your diet. Consult your doctor before taking this and follow the necessary steps while taking it.

Stitch the wounds: If you have any long and deep wounds or scars, Consult your health care provider to immediately stitch it. Otherwise, it may lead to large scars finally ends up in keloids.

Wound care: Scars can be prevented by the following tips

  • Wash the wounded area with soap and water to keep it clean and without drying.
  • Cover the wound with some gauze to keep the wound moist and away from the sunlight.
  • Don’t scrub the scar
  • Once the wound heals, start using silicone gel sheets to reduce the size of the scars.

"How

FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS ON HOW TO GET RID OF KELOIDS

1 – What are keloids?

Keloids are the unevenly raised scars above the skin. If you had any cuts, wounds, acne etc, it leaves a scar behind. Slowly the scar becomes dark and the skin cells in that area multiply fastly and extend beyond the scar leading to keloids. These keloids can be seen in any part of the body.

2 – What is the difference between keloids and a hypertrophic scar?

Both keloids and hypertrophic scars[14] are different from each other. Keloids can be easily developed from the single and small acne spot, and extend beyond the scar. The keloids develop after several months of surgery and can be permanent forever. It is most commonly seen in earlobes, upper arms, and deltoids etc.  Whereas the hypertrophic scars are temporary and can be seen within the edges of the scars. It develops soon after the surgery. It is most commonly seen on the knees, shoulders, neck, and ankles.

3 – Can ear piercing causes keloids?

Keloids can be easily formed from minor skin injuries. It might be an ear piercing[15], nose piercing, and body piercing. During ear piercing the infection may be caused due to the material used to pierce, unhygienic equipment, etc. Keloids are mainly seen on the earlobes and do not cause any harm to health.

4 – Which is the effective treatment for keloids?

There are different types of treatments available for keloid scar. They are Corticosteroid injection, Laser treatment, Radiation therapy, silicone dressing, and cryotherapy etc. If you observe any symptom of keloids, consult your health care provider and take the necessary actions. The doctor will suggest the best treatment depending on the depth of your scar.

5 – How to get rid of chest keloids?

It is better not to go for surgery. It might be treated with corticosteroids by injecting them into the keloids. The number of times may depend upon the length and the thickness of the scar. Consult your nearest dermatologist for advice.

6 – What are the symptoms of keloids?

There are multiple symptoms to identify keloid scars. They are Small lumps above the scars, pink color shiny appearance, Itchy, Painful, and dark skin. If you see any of the above symptoms, consult your health care provider immediately to take necessary medication.

7 – In which body parts the keloids can be seen?

Keloids can be easily formed from minor skin injuries. They can be observed on the face, neck, chest, shoulders, abdomen, back, etc.

8 – Can keloids form in the internal tissue?

No, keloids generally extend beyond the scar externally and multiply outwards and grow beyond the scar.

9 – Whether keloids can go away without any treatment?

Keloids do not get cured on their own. There are different ways to treat keloids, they are laser treatment, radiation therapy, injecting corticosteroids & natural remedies. Please consult your doctor immediately for the suggestions.

10 – Can we remove keloids permanently?

The effective way to remove keloids is surgery. But, there may be a chance for the keloid to grow again in the same place or the other place. There is no permanent cure for it. You can flatten it and reduce the itching and pain with some treatments.

11 – Whether keloid scar is contagious?

Keloid scar is not contagious. It is formed due to some personal conditions like acne, body piercings, surgery, blisters, vaccination etc. It is benign which does not spread from one place to another. However, it grows beyond the original scar.

12 – Is keloid dangerous?

Keloid is not harmful to your health. It just occurs due to the proliferation of cells. The symptom occurs only in that particular area. But, it looks embarrassing if it is visible to others.

13 – What is the difference between keloid and cancer?

Keloid is benign which will not spread from one place to the other. It does not cause harm to your health. Whereas cancer is very dangerous to health. Cancer may be benign or malignant.

14 – What is cryotherapy? Is it painful?

Cryotherapy is a process of treating keloids with liquid nitrogen. Some caretakers may simply apply the liquid nitrogen on the scar with the cotton. Some may use modern techniques like the gunshot method to treat it. The pain depends upon the thickness of the keloid and the professional who is carrying the procedure.

15 – Can Mederma ointment treat keloids?

Mederma is used to treat keloids. But, it depends on the nature of the skin and the thickness of the scar. However, it is suggested by dermatologists after the treatment of keloids to make the scar invisible.

16 – Whether a tattoo leads to keloids?

If your already prone to keloids, there may be a chance to develop keloid on the tattoos. You should consult your dermatologist before getting a tattoo done.

Reference

Wikipedia page on Humans Skin

You might find this article interestingRemove Acne Scars, Dark Spots Fast By Simply Using Rice

 

 

This article has been medically reviewed by Dr.Nagakeerthana S, MD (Dermatology) on 10/2/2019



Ramya Vinoth Kumar

Started my career in content writing and now it has become my passion.
Dedicated and professional content writer -Health and wellness - Healthcare experience - Master of Science- Research skills

Latest posts by Ramya Vinoth Kumar (see all)

Ramya Vinoth Kumar
Started my career in content writing and now it has become my passion. Dedicated and professional content writer - Health and wellness - Healthcare experience - Master of Science - Research skills

Leave a Response